1547 Ivan the Terrible was crowned the first Czar of Russia.
1853 * Andre Michelin, French tyre manufacturer, the first to
1883 The U.S. Civil Service Commission established.
1909 * Ethel Merman (Zimmerman), US singer and actress.
1920 "Prohibition" A year after it was ratified, the 18th Amendment
to the Constitution, prohibiting
the sale of alcoholic beverages, went into effect.
1925 Leon Trotsky was dismissed as chairman of Russian Revolutionary
1941 * Christine Truman, British tennis player.
1942 Actress Carole Lombard, the wife of actor Clark Gable, died in
a plane crash.
1944 General Eisenhower appointed Supreme Commander of the Allied
Forces in Europe.
1948 * Cliff Thorburn, World Snooker Champion, in 1979.
1970 Colonel Muammar Gaddafi took over as Libya's premier.
1979 The Shah of Iran Mohammed Reza Pahlevi fled the country
following months of increasingly violent
protests against his regime.
1981 Westminster MP, Bernadette McAliskey, was shot by gunmen at her
home in County Tyrone.
1991 Operation Desert Storm was announced by the White House and
Allied jets bombed Baghdad, Iraq
1992 The El Salvador government signed a peace treaty with guerrilla
forces, formally ending 12 years
of civil war.
2001 Laurent Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of the
Congo, was assassinated.
2001 Oil tanker the "Jessica" ran aground off the island of San
Cristobal where 180 thousand gallons
of fuel escaped into the sea.
xxxx * = Date of birth
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